Contact Us

First-Line Therapies for Overactive Bladder

First-line therapies typically do not cure OAB but can help minimize symptoms.

Physical Therapy

The goal of physical therapy for treating OAB symptoms is to decrease urinary urgency and improve the coordination between the bladder and pelvic floor muscles for improved urinary control.

  • Bladder training or delayed voiding – This involves controlling the urge to urinate by waiting a few extra minutes after you feel the urge at first, and then gradually increasing the time between bathroom visits.
  • Timed urination – You follow a set schedule for going to the bathroom. Instead of going when you feel the urge, you train yourself, and your bladder, to go at the scheduled time of day. Your physical therapist will determine if this is right for you.
  • Pelvic floor muscle exercises – These exercises strengthen the pelvic floor and sphincter muscles to help minimize urine leakage.
Lifestyle Modifications
  • Fluid and diet management – Limit or eliminate foods and drinks that may irritate the bladder such as caffeine, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, alcohol, certain sodas, citrus, and acidic and spicy foods.
  • Keep a bladder diary – Keep track of when and how often you go to the bathroom to urinate to help your doctor better understand your OAB symptoms.
  • Absorbent incontinence pads – Absorbent pads made specifically for urinary incontinence can protect your clothing and keep you dry, helping you avoid embarrassing incidents if you do experience incontinence during social situations or activities.
Other Treatment Options Include:



Anticholinergics or Beta-3 agonists work by relaxing the bladder to prevent bladder spasms. These medications can decrease the severe urge to urinate and may also enable the bladder to hold more urine without frequent leakage because the bladder is more relaxed. As with most medications, it may take some time before you see an improvement in your urge symptoms and some side effects are possible.


Used in small doses, Botox relaxes the bladder muscles, helping to minimize frequent bladder contractions. Botox injections were recently approved by the FDA to treat adults with OAB who cannot use or do not respond to medications known as anticholinergics. Botox injections typically last six to nine months and carry a small risk of urinary retention.

Contact Us

Appointments & Information

*If this is an emergency, please call 911 immediately.

Please provide your email address and phone number and a Tennessee Urology representative will contact you shortly to assist with your question or issue.

Monday–Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Contact Us