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Prostatitis - Causes and Treatments for Prostatitis - Tennessee Urology
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What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate gland. It can affect men of any age. The most common urological problem in men aged 50 and older, prostatitis is not contagious and is not transmitted during sex. The prostate is a walnut-sized organ found only in men. Its main function is to produce semen, the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. Part of the male urinary system, it lies next to the bladder. Prostatitis often causes urinary symptoms because the prostate surrounds the urethra, the tube carrying urine out of the body.

4 Types of Prostatitis

  1. Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS), which affects about 90% of men with prostatitis.
  2. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. In these cases, patients don’t have symptoms but their doctors find infection-fighting cells in the semen when checking for other problems such as prostate cancer or enlargement.
  3. Acute bacterial prostatitis, the least common but easiest form of the condition to treat.
  4. Chronic bacterial prostatitis, which is also not common.

Symptoms

  • With Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS), men may have many of the same symptoms as bacterial prostatitis, but without fever. Ejaculation may be painful. CPPS is distinguished by pelvic pain that can last months without evidence of inflammation or bacterial infection. Bladder and rectal pressure or pain are common.
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis comes on suddenly and is often accompanied by fever, severe burning during urination, inability to empty the bladder, low back or groin pain. You should seek immediate medical care. If left untreated, acute bacterial prostatitis may cause problems with sterility, inability to urinate, and even bacteremia (bacteria in your blood).
  • With chronic bacterial prostatitis, men experience less intense symptoms but for a longer period of time, and may have frequent urinary tract infections. Bacterial prostatitis is caused by bacteria from infected urine that backs up into the prostate ducts. Men who have had catheterization, injury to the area or a recent bladder infection are at greater risk.
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