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Prostate cancer screening includes a test to measure the levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. Elevated PSA levels are often an early indication of prostate cancer as well as other prostate disorders. The PSA test helps to assess the risk of prostate cancer.

PSA is a protein produced by the prostate that helps keep semen liquid outside the body. When the prostate is healthy, a very small amount of PSA escapes from the prostate and enters the bloodstream. When the prostate is unhealthy – if it is inflamed, enlarged or contains cancerous cells – larger amounts of PSA leak into the bloodstream.

PSA levels of 4ng/ml and above are considered elevated; however, there is no specific level that indicates cancer. Results from regular PSA screenings will show whether your PSA levels have changed year to year and whether that change is cause for concern.

If you have an elevated PSA test, your urologist may recommend further evaluation and diagnostic testing including a prostate biopsy. Talk to your physician if you have concerns or questions about your PSA test.

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Please provide your email address and phone number and a Tennessee Urology representative will contact you shortly to assist with your question or issue.

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